The 720 Round, also known as an Olympic Round, is a long-distance target archery competition which is the standard for the Olympic Games. It consists of seventy-two total arrows, each worth a maximum of ten points shot at a distance of 70 meters (approx 77 yards) for recurve archers and 50 meters for archers using compound bows. The maximum score is 10×72=720 points, which is where the name of the round is derived.
The 720 Round is a Target Round (i.e. not a Field Archery Round) meaning an archer shoots at only one target for the entire round and shoots from level ground. Multiple archers will shoot at the same 122cm target (Recurve) or 80cm target (Compound) during a 720 Round.
A 720 Round consists of 12 ends of 6 arrows for a total of 72 arrows at a standard 122cm 10-ring target: (12 ends x 6 arrows = 72 arrows). The distance and target size depending on the bow style. Archers shoot at a 122cm target @ 70 meters (Recurve) or 80cm target @ 50 meters (Compound) during a 720 Round. A perfect score of 72 arrows all hitting the 10 ring would be 720 points.
There is a 4 minute time limit for each end — which is plenty of time to shoot slowly with proper control. There’s no need to rush.
Standard archery whistle commands are used to signal the start and end of the shooting time. Disobeying the whistle commands can result in disqualification, and a zero for your score, so stay safe.
The standard target face for the 720 Round is a 10 ring, 5 color, 122cm WA target face for recurve & longbow archers.
Compound archers will us a smaller 6 ring, 3 color, 80cm WA target from a distance of 50 meters.
1 or 2 Points
3 or 4 Points
5 or 6 Points
7 or 8 Points
9 or 10 Points
There are some peculiarities with the innermost gold ring (called the “X” ring). “X”s or Spiders, as they as sometimes called, are used for tie-breaking purposes. It is written on the scorecard as “X”, and is counted as 10 points. If two competing archers attain the same score at the end of the tournament, the victor is decided by who has more “X”s.
The Elimination and Final Rounds
For the Elimination Round, archers are seeded according to their positions in the Qualifying Round. They shoot a series of matches in groups, each match consisting of the best of five sets of three arrows for recurve and five ends of three arrows for compound.
The Finals Round, consists of the eight athletes remaining from the Elimination round shooting individual matches, each match consisting of the best of five sets of three arrows for recurve and five ends of three arrows for compound, culminating in the gold Medal match.
The top 16 men’s and women’s teams in each bow division will be selected using the combined top three scores from the Individual Qualification Round. All members of a team must be of the same gender, same bow division and from the same club/province.
The Team Elimination Rounds are shoot simultaneously as a series of matches. For Recurve, each match consists of up to x4 ends of x6 arrows (two per athlete – each team member shoots 2 arrows per end (2 arrows x 3 archers x 4 ends = 24 arrows) shot according to the set system with 2 points for a win, x1 each for a draw and 0 for a loss. For Compound, it is the cumulative total of x4 ends of x6 arrows (two per athlete – each team member shoots 2 arrows per end (2 arrows x 3 archers x 4 ends = 24 arrows) that determines the winner. All 3 archers on a team will be required to finish shooting before the prescribed time limit (2 minutes).
The Finals Round starts with the quarter-final competition with the losers of the semi-finals shooting for the Bronze and the winners for the Gold and Silver Medals. These matches are shot in individual butts, alternating shooting per team. The archers may shoot in any sequence but may shoot only 1 arrow each time they are on the shooting line during alternating competition, with timing started and stopped when the athlete crosses the 1m line.
The Mixed Team Round is formed by teams composed of the top-ranked man and the top-ranked woman (from the same Member Federation), seeded according to their positions as determined by their total score in the Qualification Round. They shoot simultaneously in a series of matches, each match consisting of four ends of four arrows (two per athlete) to determine a winner by total cumulative score.
Points to note:
A team shall consist of the highest ranked three (or two if a Mixed Team) athletes from the Qualification Round unless the Team Manager notifies the Director of Shooting or the Chairman of Judges in writing at least one hour before the start of that round of competition of a substitution of another athlete who competed in the Qualification Round.
A violation of the foregoing will result in disqualification of the team. In case of substitution medals shall only be awarded to the athletes that shot the Team round, not the qualification round.